Learn How to Use Carpentry Tools: Beginners Guide!

Do you know how to use carpentry tools? As a woodworker, you must know how to use basic tools and power tools. Knowing the right way to use your tools will prevent accidents. You will also avoid shoddy jobs, and prolong your devices’ lifespan.

There is a wide variety of tools available for carpenters and woodworkers. Some of them are for general purposes, and others are for specialized jobs. There are essential carpentry tools vital for basic projects.

During a woodworking project, you will find that you can use some tools for different jobs. But, there are those you can only use for specific jobs. For example, you cannot use a basic tool such as a chisel for the same job as a claw hammer.

When you have all your tools out on the workbench, try to organize them well into groups. You should store devices that complement each other together. In this article, we will discuss carpentry tools and their uses.

Please read on.

Details About How to Use Carpentry Tools:

Types of carpentary tools


carpenter Basic Tools

As we mentioned above, there’s a broad range of tools used for carpentry and woodworking. They include accessories, hand tools, and power tools. We will start with basic hand tools.

Claw Hammer

Claw Hammer

A claw hammer is an essential tool that has two ends. One end helps you to remove nails, and the other one drives in nails. Your claw hammer shouldn’t be too heavy and should have an excellent and comfortable grip.

Tape Measure

Tape Measure

A tape measure is one of the basic woodworking hand tools that have only one job: To measure out wood and other items. There are two kinds of tape measures on the market: The plastic type and the metal type.

The plastic ones look very simple and are much cheaper. But, if you’re going for durability, go for retractable metallic ones. They are ideal for measuring long timber pieces.

Measuring Squares

Measuring Squares

Measuring squares are also called carpenters squares. They are necessary tools for anyone involved in carpentry. They help in the identification, marking, and measurement of right angles.



For the Japanese, the chisel was once the primary tool used in joint carving. It is excellent for turning lathes and for hand-carving. You will find most chisels available in sets of different types. If you’re performing detailed work, you will need many kinds of chisels.

Wooden Mallets


Wooden mallets are often used in accompaniment with chisels. They will help you to push the sharp heads of the chisel into your carving. You will use rubber mallets to put joints together. They are precision tools, and even if you use medium or light force on your work piece, the mallet will not damage it.



Handsaws are very functional tools that are often used in carpentry. Carpenters used them to crosscut and rip boards to the correct size. Make sure the handsaw you use has tapered blades. They provide an excellent cutting motion.

Back saw

Back saw

Back saws are detail-oriented and thin blades that carry well-set teeth. A thick strip of steel or brass supports the blade. Back saws are excellent if you’re working on detailed work. You can use them to cut different joints such as dovetail, tenon, and mortise joints.

Curve-Cutting Saw

curve cutting saw

Curve cutting saws include coping saws, scroll saws, and bow saws. They are great for decorative work. In most cases, you might not need to use these saws. But, if you’re working on intricate designs that need curved cuts, these tools are unavoidable.


carpenter planes

The job of planes is to reduce the thickness of the wood and to smoothen it. They are a hand tool that most carpenters deem necessary for their work. Some planes, such as block planes and rabbet planes are for specialized work. You will use bench planes for most projects.

Sharpening Stone

carpenter Sharpening Stone

Sharpening stones are another essential piece of the puzzle for Japanese carpenters. You can use them to keep tools such as planes, gouges, and chisels sharp. In the United States, oil stones are more popular than sharpening stones.


carpenter Grinder

A grinder is not one of those hand tools you will often carry in your carpentry tool belt. You can use it to refurbish worn or chipped blades. You can use it together with a sharpening stone.

Hand Drill

carpenter Hand Drill

Hand drills are not as popular as power drills. A power drill is more powerful and fast. But, the hand drill makes up for its lack of intensity by working silently. If you have the right set of drill bits for your hand drill, you can achieve the same results as a power drill.


carpenter Screwdrivers

Before you use a screwdriver, you must ensure that the tip fits the screw slot. Screwdrivers come in different tip shapes and sizes. Make sure that you always have the right screw.


carpenter Clamps

If you’re doing a couple of jobs that need fine woodworking hand tools, you may need more than one clamp. A clamp is an indispensable tool in any woodworking shop. There are different types of clamps:

– Miter clamps

– C-clamps

– Bar clamps

They are great at holding your work piece steady while you work on it. Good quality clamps aren’t cheap tools. If you have large products in the pipeline, try to rent extra ones rather than buying.

Related Article: Tool Bags for Carpenters


Carpenter Power Tools

Power Drill

Power Drill

Power drills are likely the most popular power tool in the market. You can use them for DIY repairs around the house and commercial projects.

Cordless power drills offer portability and ease of use. But, corded drills are much more powerful. If you’re using a cordless drill, make sure you charge the batteries after your project.


Jig saw

The jigsaw is also known as the saber saw. It isn’t an expensive tool but does an excellent job cutting board. If you need precise specifications on your board, it isn’t the most reliable tool to use.

Circular Saw

Circular Saw

The circular saw is one of the most used tools in a carpentry workshop. If you’d like to learn how to use carpentry hand tools, ensure you also learn how to use the circular saw tool. It’ll help you complete your projects. The circular saw is a lightweight but powerful tool.


carpenter Router

Routers are useful for cutting joints, grooves, and curved figures. You can use them in place of hand planes. There are two types of routers available on the market: the plunge routers and fixed routers.


carpenter Sander

A sander’s job is to finish off a piece of wood, and they’ll help you save a lot of effort and time. After using the sander, you complete your task using the hand-sander to achieve a refined look.

Biscuit Joiner

carpenter Biscuit Joiner

The biscuit joiner is a specialized piece of equipment. It enables you to cut a small amount of wood from the edge of a piece of wood. The board will have some glue and a small piece of wood added onto it. As the wood and the glue expand into the hole, a joint will form.

Table Saw

Table Saw

The table saw is the heart and soul of any carpenters workshop. Regular cabinet saws are too big and bulky to carry around for field jobs. Conventional models are easy to take apart and carry to the field.

Radial Arm Saw

Radial Arm Saw

The radial arm saw is also known as the chop saw. It is a useful tool for crosscuts, miter cuts, bevels, and making rips. Even if they aren’t as precise as the table saw, they are an essential tool to have for molding work.

Band Saw

carpenter Band Saw

The band saw can perform most of the tasks that a radial arm saw does, and you can use it for curved cuts.


carpenter Planer

The planer is often the second-most sought after power tool after the table. You can fit your planer to smoothen out all four surfaces of your work piece. It is an efficient tool that allows you to save a lot of effort and time.

The Lathe

carpenter lathe machine

Using a lathe in your workshop will allow you to make pieces like stunning table legs, cups, and bowls. When you buy a lathe, make sure you also buy a turning tool to allow you to use the lathe to its full potential.

The Universal Machine

carpenter Universal Machine

If you’ve got limited space in your workshop, it’s best to use a universal machine. It has the functions of a jointer, spindle shaper, thickness planer, table saw, and mortiser. It is an excellent solution for carpenters who have cramped up working stations.


Carpenter Accesories

Extension Cords

Extension Cord

An extension cord may not seem like a necessity if your power tools are cordless. It is vital to keep them in storage since you may need to use them one day. You can get extra-long extension cords that allow you flexibility while working.

Carpenters Pencil

carpenter Pencil

The carpenter’s pencil is different from other types of pencils. It is flat and makes more precise markings than your regular pencil. If you’re cutting wood that needs exact measurements, this is your go-to marker.

Don’t Miss carpenter tool belt


Some of the tools that we’ve mentioned above need you to have some skill before using them. When it comes to power tools, make sure you can handle them before starting on a project. If you can’t, there are plenty of tutorials online that can help you learn. Learning how to use carpentry tools is a vital aspect of getting your jobs done well. What power tools do you think you’re adept at? Which ones can you not live without? Tell us!


My name is Michael M. Militello, and I want to help you find the right tools and the best products for your next project! As a professional tool expert here in Houston, TX, With my vast tool experience, I can help you choose the right brand, model, and size for the job. Please feel free to contact me with any questions you may have. You can reach me here on my blog and also on Facebook, Twitter , and Pinterest. I look forward to hearing from you!

One comment

  1. I like that you pointed out how knowing the right way to use your tools will prevent accidents. I recently got into carpentry and I am now trying to learn more about how to use some tools. I heard there are new concept carpentry saw guides now, so I’d like to try them out.

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